Environmental Policy

The Need for an Environmental Policy:

When the Haudenosaunee and the first colonists made the original agreement on our treaty relationship, it was about sharing the natural resources on this great land. By agreement we established a way to share, respect each other, and resolve disputes peacefully. Those principles still apply today.

However, when those first agreements were made, the waters were clean and healthy. All fish could be eaten. The birds, plants and animals were plentiful. Now we face an environmental holocaust that threatens human existence. This is not acceptable. Our land, water and biological systems have been polluted by unchecked growth. Endangered ecological communities and species are declining as a result of current land clearing and also as a consequence of the fragmentation and degradation resulting from the past clearings.

Our Goal:

Our goal is to restore sanity to the use of the land, realizing that what we do today determines the well being of the future generations. It is with them in mind that we establish this environmental policy.

Policy Principles:

  1. Protection
  2. Improvement
  3. Sustainability


  1. To protect and improve the condition of land, water (including groundwater) and vegetation resources that provide the ecosystem services that support sustainable resource use industries
  2. To protect our ecosystems and the Carolinian environment
  3. To protect and manage places and values of national environmental significance, including threatened species and communities, listed migratory species, heritage areas and heritage places
  4. To promote Haudenosaunee community participation in the planning and delivery of outcomes
  1. To improve water quality and environmental condition in surface and groundwater systems, including wetlands and estuaries, while maintaining the economic and social values derived from water use
  2. To reverse the decline in the extent and quality of native vegetation and maintain and restore habitat for flora and fauna
  1. To promote sustainable resource use, particularly sustainable agriculture
Environmental Policy Scope – Areas of Concern
  1. Heritage Sites
  2. Threatened Species
  3. Ecological Communities
  4. Migratory Species
  5. Wetlands
  6. “Green” Agenda
We seek to protect Haudenosaunee heritage sites. Our ability to access sacred sites, culturally-significant sites, traditional places for hunting, fishing, trapping and gathering must not be infringed by any development. We want to work with developers and regional associations to identify such places well in advance of proposals.We will seek to protect Native threatened species and ecological communities with their status in the landscape affected to the extent that their population viability is at risk. Specifically, we are concerned about nationally endangered or vulnerable species and ecological communities. We will seek to protect migratory species and wetlands. Migratory species are recognized within international conventions to which Canada is a signatory. Wetlands, which help to clean the waters, are also important and we seek to protect the entire watershed that feeds into those wetlands. We are less inclined to consider 1 to 1 substitutions to wetlands, and prefer to avoid any disturbance. Those proposals that provide a realistic and measurable “green” agenda associated with the nature of the project will be viewed most favourably. We are willing to work with developers on defining those green standards, strategies and approaches. While these may require additional expenditures on the part of the developer, it will be considered one of the “benefits” of the project to overall well-being. Haudenosaunee Environmental Review Process Section A: Draft Comprehensive Conservation Plan Background:
  1. Introduction- Plan prepared guide management actions and direct and assess alternates to proposed actions
  2. Purpose and Need for the Plan- To develop proposed action plan to achieve stated purpose, attains vision and goals for the site, help other understood reasons for actions
  3. Authority- The Jurisdictional Agencies that Impact on site management
  4. Legal and Policy Context- Impacting legal factors
  5. National, Regional and local plans and Initiatives- Overview of existing plans and policies
  6. Two Row Relationships

Site Overview
  1. Introduction- Location Summary
  2. Site History and Purpose- Brief History and Purpose Overview
  3. Special Designations- Listing of any special designations
  4. Ecosystem Context- Brief overview of the ecosystem
  5. Cultural Factors- Traditional Indigenous Use and Patterns
  6. Regional Conservation Plans and Initiatives- Summary of existing plans
  7. Ecological Threats and Problems- Summary of documentation
    1. Habitat loss and fragmentation
    2. Alterations to hydrology
    3. Siltation and Aquatic Ecosystems
    4. Invasive Species Introduction and Proliferation
  8. Physical Resources- Summary of Common Understandings
    1. Climate
    2. Geography and Topology
    3. Minerals
    4. Soils
    5. Hydrology
    6. Water Quality
    7. Air Quality
    8. Visual Resources- aesthetics/scenic vistas/landmarks
  9. Biological Resources- Summary of state of the following:
    1. Habitat
    2. Invasive and Non-invasive Plants
    3. Threaten and Endangered Plants
    4. Wildlife
  10. Cultural Resources- Summary of known Historic Properties, Archaeological Resources and culturally-significance sites/features
  11. Socioeconomic Environment- Summary of know current economic status
    1. Lane Use
    2. Demographics
    3. Employment
    4. Forestry
    5. Outdoor recreation in the Area
    6. Outdoor Recreation Economics
    7. Tourism- Summary of recreational and cultural tourism
    8. Transportation
    9. Cultural Setting- summary of cultural features, uses and educational interests
  12. Site Administration and Management
    1. land Protection and Conservation
    2. Visitor Services (hunting, fishing, wildlife observation, trails, environmental education, interpretation, user outreach and involvement)
    3. personnel, Operations, and Maintenance- Current agencies and personnel

Plan Development
  1. Planning process and Public Involvement- Record of Public scoping and formal consultations
  2. Summary of Issues, Concerns and Opportunities
    1. Fish and Wildlife Population Management
    2. Habitat Management
    3. Resource Protection
    4. Restoration
    5. Visitor Services
    6. Site Administration
  3. Wilderness Review- Areas managed to preserve its natural conditions to protect ecological, geographical, scientific, educational, scenic, and or historic value.

Management Direction
  1. Introduction
  2. Vision
  3. Goals, Objectives and Strategies
    1. Fish and Wildlife Population management
    2. Habitat Management
    3. Resource Protection
    4. Restoration
    5. Visitor Services
    6. Site Administration

Plan Implementation
  1. Introduction
  2. Proposed Projects
    1. Fish and Wildlife Population management
    2. Habitat Management
    3. Resource Protection
    4. Restoration
    5. Visitor Services
    6. Site Administration
  3. Funding and Personnel
  4. Partnerships/Volunteer Opportunities
  5. Monitoring and Adaptive Management
  6. Plan Review and Revision

Environmental Assessment Background
  1. Introduction- Plan prepared to guide management actions and direct and assess alternates to proposed actions
  2. Purpose and Need for the Action- To develop proposed action plan to achieve stated purpose, attains vision and goals for the site, help other understand reasons for actions
  3. Decision Framework- How decisions are to be made
  4. Planning Study Area- Outline of potential impact area
  5. Authority, Legal, Compliance and Compatibility- Impacting legal factors
  6. Public Involvement and the Planning Process

Affected Environment 
Description of Alternatives
  1. Formulation of Alternatives
  2. Description of Alternatives
    1. Current Management (No action)
    2. Proposed alternative
    3. Moderately Expanded Program
  3. Features Common to all alternatives
  4. Alternatives Considered but Eliminated from Future Consideration
    1. Moderate Program Increases and Buffer Land Protection
    2. Optimum Program Increases and Buffer and landscape level Land Protection
  5. Comparison of the issues by Issue

Environmental Consequences
  1. Overview
  2. Effects Common to all Alternatives
    1. Environmental Justice
    2. Climate Change
    3. Other Management
    4. Land Acquisition or Loss
    5. Cultural Resources
    6. Site Revenue Sharing
    7. Other Effects
  3. Summary of Effects by Alternatives
    1. Alternative A- Current Management (No Action)
    2. Alternative B- Proposed Alternative
    3. Alternative C- Moderately Expanded Program
  4. Unavoidable Impacts
    1. Water Quality from Soil Disturbance /use of Herbicides etc.
    2. Wildlife Disturbance
    3. Vegetation Disturbance
    4. User Groups Conflicts
    5. Effects on Adjacent Landowners
    6. Land Ownership and site Development
  5. Cumulative Impacts
    1. Anticipated Impacts on Wildlife Species
    2. Anticipated Impacts on Site Programs, Facilities, Cultural Resources
    3. Environmental Justice, Environmental Resources and Surrounding Communities
  6. Direct and Indirect Effects and Impact
  7. Short term uses versus Long-term Productivity

Consulting and Coordination
APPENDICES Appendix A. Glossary- Definition of terms, acronyms and abbreviations Appendix B. References and Literature Citations- Listing of any reports, publications or sources of knowledge sited in the study Appendix C. Relevant Legal Mandates- Applicable Statutes, Policies and Mandates from both the Haudenosaunee Confederacy and the Crown Appendix D. Environmental Protection Consistency- Assurances that all relevant permitting processing have been followed. Appendix E. Appropriate use Determinations- Preliminary decision on whether or not to allow the proposed activity based upon the following:
  1. Do we have jurisdiction over use?
  2. Does the use comply with applicable existing laws and regulations?
  3. Is the use consistent with stated policies?
  4. Is the use consistent with the goals and objectives of the approved land use management plan?
  5. Has this been previously considered and denied, or approved?
  6. Is the use manageable in the future with existing budget and personnel?
  7. Will this be manageable in the future with existing resources?
  8. Does the use contribute to the public understanding and appreciation of the site’s natural or cultural features, or is the proposed use beneficial to the site’s natural or cultural resources.
  9. Can the use be accommodated without impairing existing wildlife-dependent uses or reducing the potential to provide quality, compatible, wildlife dependent recreation into the future?
Appendix F. Public Comment- Summary of Public Scoping Comments Appendix G. Compatibility Determinations- Is the proposed project compatible with other previously approved projects? Appendix H. Wilderness Review- The following questions should be addressed:
  1. Has the project area generally been influenced primarily by the forces of nature, with human imprint substantially minimal?
  2. Does this site have outstanding opportunities for solitude or unconfined types of recreation?
  3. Is the area of significant size to make preservation practical, or continue its use in an unimpeded condition?
  4. Is the area free from substantial logging, farming, grazing, or other extensive developments?
  5. Could its wilderness character be restored through appropriate management through time?
  6. Does the site contain ecological, geographical, or other features of scientific, educational, scenic, historic or cultural value?
Appendix I. Cultural Resources Review- Detailed summary of know Historic Properties, Archaeological Resources and culturally-significance sites/features Appendix J. Site Biota- Listing of all documented bird, mammal, reptile, amphibian, fish, and other aquatic organism that are known to currently exist within the site ecosystem.